- This is how you activate TPM functionality so you can support the upcoming Windows 11 OS.
- Most recent computers have one, but it might not be enabled by default.
- One of the mandatory Windows 11 requirements is the presence of an active TPM (Trusted Platform Module) chip.
I like a lot the new OS, but some people will be surprised to find out their computers don’t qualify. Even recent PCs might not meet the minimum requirements to run Windows 11.
I’m betting most problems will be caused by the needed TPM chip that handles some security and encryption aspects of a computer. Here’s a good article if you want to learn about TPM.
Recommended: How to verify if your PC can run Windows 11
The problem has a few variations: some of the newer computers don’t have a TPM chip, older ones don’t have a module version 2.0 or newer, and those who have it don’t have it enabled in BIOS/UEFI firmware.
This article will tackle the last part: how to activate TPM in your motherboard’s firmware settings. Check here if your motherboard chipset is supported.
How to Check if TPM is Active in Windows
First, let’s check if TPM is already active.
1. Open up the Run command dialog (Win + R).
2. Type tpm.msc and press Enter
The Trusted Platform Module Management app will open. If you see the message on the left it means you either don’t have a TPM module or it’s not installed. If you get the message on the right you’re good to go.
How to Enable TPM in BIOS/Firmware
Unfortunately, there’s no way to know if you have a TPM chip that is disabled without consulting the specs sheet of your motherboard or going directly into firmware settings and looking directly for it.
1. Restart or power on the computer
2. Start pressing one of these keys (manufacturer dependant): Del, F1, F2, F10, Esc.
One of them should work. If your computer boots up too quickly you might miss the moment. Try a couple of times until you get into the BIOS/UEFI. It looks nothing like Windows.
3. Enable the TPM module. Mine was found in Advanced – AMD fTPM configuration and was called TPM Device Selection. I’ve switched from Discrete TPM (external chip inserted into the motherboard, bought separately) to Firmware TPM.
It’s not likely you’ll find this setting in the same place unless you have a current-gen AM4 ASUS motherboard.
Each motherboard make and model has a different firmware structure. There are plenty of places where this setting can be found. It also might take different names. Confusing, I know. Look for something that resembles TPM or Trusted Platform Module.
4. Save BIOS settings and reboot.
5. Repeat the steps to check if TPM was successfully activated. You should get the following message with a few details about your TPM configuration.
There you go, you can now install Windows 11 if the lack of TPM stopped you before.